Olive trees are enchanting, merely mentioning their name brings in mind images of Provence and of the Mediterranean. The oldest living olive tree is in Crete, Greece.
The Olive tree of Vouves is an olive tree in the village of Ano Vouves in the municipal unit of Kolymvari in Chania regional unit, Crete, Greece only few miles from where the famous Ellora Farms Olive Oil is harvested and bottled. Probably one of the oldest olive trees in the world, it still produces olives today. Scientists from the University of Crete have estimated it to be between 3000-4,000 years old.
In general Olive tree has a lifespan that extends over a thousand years. It is typical of Mediterranean regions, but it can be found already in more temperate climates. For example, growers have started planting it along the Atlantic coast.
Some succeed in growing it in the North, as long as it is well-endowed with sunlight and sheltered from excessive moisture. Olive trees will survive temperatures colder than 23°F (-5°C) if properly hardened. Cold is even necessary for olive production.
Its edible fruits are olives. They are most often black or in shades of green. The closer the growing conditions are to their native environment, the more abundant the harvest.
Olives can be eaten raw, though they are better when they are prepared. Take note! Raw olives very bitter and the fact that they look like sweet grapes is deceiving! They are often pressed to produce olive oil which is famous for all the health benefits of olives on health!